Hover to see how Factors connect to Decoding. Then click connected Factors to explore strategies related to multiple Factors.
Decoding is the ability to use our understanding of letters and speech sounds to figure out unfamiliar words. Students with strong Decoding skills can read more complicated words, and their reading becomes more fluid.
In addition to understanding the relationship between letters and speech sounds, the ability to properly read and pronounce words is dependent on understanding letter patterns.
Teachers support language development by using and providing Vocabulary that is appropriately leveled (e.g., using word wall words).
Audiobooks allow students to hear fluent reading and to experience books above their reading skills.
Daily review strengthens previous learning and can lead to fluent recall.
Adding gestures and motions to complement learning activates more cognitive processes for recall and understanding.
Spending time with new content helps move concepts into Long-term Memory.
Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention.
Providing physical representations of concepts helps learners activate mental processes.
Teachers sharing text-to-self, text-to-text, and text-to-world connections models this schema building.
Reading aloud helps students to hear and practice reading and fluency skills.
Students with low early literacy skills benefit from a focus on phonics and Phonological Awareness.
Visuals help students recognize relationships within words and sentences to develop reading skills.
Reading aloud regularly exposes students to new and familiar vocabulary and texts.
Reading aloud books about skills children are learning provides another model for their development.
Students build their confidence and skills by reading and rereading books.
Books for vision differences support reading development for learners with visual needs.
Books of varying complexity and reading levels are necessary for all students to experience reading success.
Multicultural and Primary Language books are critical for supporting all students.
With rhyming and creative word use, poetry is a genre that supports the development of early literacy skills in particular.
Books with SEL topics, such as developing friendships and identifying emotions, help teach these skills.
Connecting information to music and/or dance moves enhances memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity.
Transforming written text into audio supports learning by activating different parts of a learner’s brain for comprehension.
Having students verbally repeat information such as instructions ensures they have heard and supports remembering.
A web dictionary can serve as a resource for students to expand their Vocabulary knowledge.
Students with strong early literacy skills benefit from a literacy-rich approach.
Puzzles and games help students visualize how to connect one fact to another.
Actively manipulating word parts deepens a student's understanding of the way words are formed.
Word sorts are multisensory activities that help learners identify patterns and group words based on different categories.
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