Reading PK-3

Reading PK-3

Select one or more Factors to filter to the top the strategies that support your chosen Factor(s). For each strategy, we provide ideas for classroom and product application, videos, and further resources.


Accessible Syntax

Teachers can support language development by using and providing syntax that is appropriately leveled (e.g. short, simple structure for young students).

Accessible Vocabulary

Teachers support language development by using and providing Vocabulary that is appropriately leveled (e.g., using word wall words).

Advance Graphic Organizer

Advance graphic organizers link prior knowledge to upcoming learning to help students anticipate and understand the structure of new information.

Ample Space

Providing plenty of space for students promotes socially cooperative play and collaboration.


Audiobooks allow students to hear fluent reading and to experience books above their reading skills.

Brief Instruction Steps

Content that is provided in clear, short chunks can support students' Working Memory.

Common Spelling Chart

Easy access to common words promotes sight word recognition as students see the words repeatedly.

Creating Visuals

Students activate more cognitive processes by exploring and representing their understandings in visual form.

Daily Review

Daily review strengthens previous learning and can lead to fluent recall.

Dialogic Reading

With this interactive technique, teachers help students become story-tellers by listening and questioning.

Dim or Natural Lighting

Dim or natural lighting provides a calming environment.

Discussing Emotions

Teaching students how to label, identify, and manage Emotion helps them learn Self-Regulation skills.

Field Trips

Visiting places connected to classroom learning provides opportunities to deepen understanding through firsthand experiences.

Free Play

Free play supports learner interests and allows more complex social interactions to develop.

Gallery Walk

As students walk through stations working in small groups, the social and physical nature of the learning supports deeper understanding.


Adding gestures and motions to complement learning activates more cognitive processes for recall and understanding.

Graphic Organizer

Visualizing how ideas fit together helps students construct meaning and strengthen recall.

Growth Mindset Feedback

Attributing results to controllable aspects (strategy and effort) fosters students' beliefs in self.

Guided Inquiry

With this interactive technique, teachers help students use their own language for constructing knowledge by listening and questioning.

Guided Practice

Spending time with new content helps move concepts into Long-term Memory.

Guided Reading Strip

A guided reading strip helps students focus by keeping their place as they read.

Incorporate Students' Cultural Practices

Learning about students' cultures and connecting them to instructional practices helps all students feel like valued members of the community.

Independent Reading

Independent reading promotes reading development by emphasizing student choice with teacher support in selecting books, as well as by making time for free reading.

Individual Deliberate Practice

Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention.

Individual Spaces

Having quiet space where students can go supports Self-Regulation and individual deliberate practice.

Inquisitive Learning Environment

Overtly encouraging all students to ask when they have forgotten something creates a classroom that supports risk-taking and skill development.

Language Songs and Games

Rhyming, alliteration, and other sound devices reinforce language development by activating the mental processes that promote memory.

Learning Strategy and Tool "Fair"

To promote acceptance of learning diversity, students explore learning tools and strategies to see how they work and why they and others might use them.


Providing physical representations of concepts helps learners activate mental processes.


Setting small goals encourages consistent, achievable progress, helping students feel confident in their skills and abilities.

Mnemonic Device

Creating patterns for remembering classroom processes, narrative structures, etc. supports the development of memories.

Mobility and Flexibility

Multiple tables and chairs on wheels allow for setting up the classroom to support the desired learning outcomes of each classroom activity.

Model Assignment or Skill

By talking through their thinking at each step of a process, teachers can model what learning looks like.

Model Connections to Text

Teachers sharing text-to-self, text-to-text, and text-to-world connections models this schema building.

Model Growth Mindset

When teachers share their goals and the paths they take to achieve them, they demonstrate that learning involves effort, mistakes, and reflecting.

Multimodal Instructions

Providing instructions in multiple formats allows students to activate different cognitive skills to understand and remember the steps they are to take.

Multiple Display Boards/Screens

Multiple display spaces help develop oral language skills as well as Social Awareness and Relationship Skills by allowing groups to share information easily as they work.

Multiple Writing Surfaces

Multiple writing surfaces promote collaboration by allowing groups to share information easily as they work.

Non-Intensive HLE Intervention Program

A parent evening meeting about how to support literacy at home with one follow-up meeting with each family has shown strong results for students' reading development.

Participatory and Partner Read-Alouds

Reading aloud helps students to hear and practice reading and fluency skills.

Phonics Programs

Students with low early literacy skills benefit from a focus on phonics and Phonological Awareness.

Pictures and Visuals

Visuals help students recognize relationships within words and sentences to develop reading skills.

Pre-Reading Questioning

Talking with students about what they know about the topic of upcoming work helps activate their Background Knowledge or reveals gaps.

Predictability: Environment & Structure

Maintaining consistent classroom routines and schedules ensures that students are able to predict what will happen next.


Pretending allows students to step back from a problem or task and think about it from multiple angles.

Prioritize Family Engagement

Students are more likely to come to school when families feel like a valued part of the community.

Prompt Cards

Cards with strategies for managing emotions help students remember how to act when faced with strong feelings.

Quiet Environment/Pockets of Quiet

Decreasing extra audio input provides a focused learning environment.


Reading aloud regularly exposes students to new and familiar vocabulary and texts.

Read-Alouds: Deliberate Topics

Reading aloud books about skills children are learning provides another model for their development.

Reciprocal Teaching

When students explain to others, they deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning.

Reflect on Learning

Encouraging students to think about their personal progress against their learning goals improves their Motivation to learn.


Students build their confidence and skills by reading and rereading books.

Response Devices

Response devices boost engagement by encouraging all students to answer every question.

Rich Library: Audio & Braille

Books for vision differences support reading development for learners with visual needs.

Rich Library: Complexity

Books of varying complexity and reading levels are necessary for all students to experience reading success.

Rich Library: Diversity

Multicultural and Primary Language books are critical for supporting all students.

Rich Library: Poetry

With rhyming and creative word use, poetry is a genre that supports the development of early literacy skills in particular.

Rich Library: SEL Topics

Books with SEL topics, such as developing friendships and identifying emotions, help teach these skills.

SEL Programs and Workshops

Many programs offer lesson plans for focused sessions on understanding and managing emotions.

Set Progress Markers

Breaking larger tasks into steps and receiving feedback at each step helps students both manage their work and stay motivated.

Song and Dance Word Games

Connecting information to music and/or dance moves enhances memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity.

Sound Level

Providing ways for students to adjust sound level supports individual auditory needs.

Sound-Blocking Devices

Using earplugs or headphones can increase focus and comfort.

Story Map

Providing a story map ahead of time or having students create a map during or after reading helps learners understand and practice Narrative Skills.

Student Choice

Providing students a voice in their learning is critical for making learning meaningful.

Tactile Stimulation

Incorporating multiple senses with strategies like chewing gum, using a vibrating pen, and sitting on a ball chair supports focus and Attention.

Take Explicit Breaks

Taking breaks from work, especially ones that encourage physical activity or calming routines, helps students reset their brains and learn how to maintain focus.

Talking (or Dialogue) Circle

A talking piece passed around a circle invites equal participation.


Providing ways for students to meet their individual temperature needs supports focus and Self-Regulation.

Text-to-Speech Software

Transforming written text into audio supports learning by activating different parts of a learner’s brain for comprehension.


Students develop reading skills by listening to and speaking with others in informal ways.


Timers help students learn to self-pace and transition.

Tossing Activity

Tossing a ball, beanbag, or other small object activates physical focus in support of mental focus.

Uncluttered Environment

Spaces that are structured, organized, and clean provide calming environments.

Verbal Repetition

Having students verbally repeat information such as instructions ensures they have heard and supports remembering.


Providing visuals to introduce, support, or review instruction activates more cognitive processes to support learning.

Videos: SEL Topics

Videos developed with discussion guides can teach students about SEL skills.

Walking, Movement Breaks, and Recess

Research shows physical activity improves learner focus and creativity.

Web-Based Dictionary

A web dictionary can serve as a resource for students to expand their Vocabulary knowledge.

Whole Language

Students with strong early literacy skills benefit from a literacy-rich approach.

Word Games and Puzzles

Puzzles and games help students visualize how to connect one fact to another.

Word Games with Manipulatives

Actively manipulating word parts deepens a student's understanding of the way words are formed.

Word Sorts

Word sorts are multisensory activities that help learners identify patterns and group words based on different categories.

Word Walls

A word wall helps build Vocabulary for reading fluidity.